The World of Education is changing. It is changing from books, traditional schools, and physical libraries because of the introduction of e-learning in education. These e-learning programs inspire millions of peoples to enroll themselves in online courses. It has brought a change in the lives of people because of the various advantages of online education. Also, because of these online programs, people can expand their knowledge base quickly and become more valuable in their job. People can enroll themselves in an online program from anywhere in the world. Seeing the importance of online learning or e-learning, it is necessary to learn the basic types of e-learning. Therefore, let’s understand the following types of e-learning programs:-
For Further Reading: 7 ELEMENTS TO CONSIDER BEFORE BUYING ONLINE COURSE
Types of E-Learning Programs
1. Computer managed to learn (CML)
Computer managed learning is also widely known as “Computer managed instruction (CMI)” in which computers are used to manage the lectures, courses and assess the learning processes. In this type of e-learning, the student has to learn the information present in the database with ranking parameters. The student can repeat the information timely until it is memorized and the learning goal is achieved. Furthermore, educational institutions use it for educational information management purposes in the form of storing and retrieving of information. The information may be the lectures, attendance data, training materials, grades, assessment tests, performance reports, enrolment, financial records, and curriculum information.
2. Computer Assisted instruction (CAI)
Unlike computer-managed learning, “Computer-assisted instruction”, or CAI, uses computers parallel with traditional education. This type of e-learning is also known as “Computer Assisted Learning (CAL)”. Computer-assisted instruction is mainly used nowadays in schools for teaching and evaluation methods. It enables students as active learners and discourages them to be passive learners. This type of learning is tough for online students, but more interesting and cognitive. Computer-assisted learning arranges different kinds of quizzes, tests, assessments, and exams. Additionally, this system of learning encourages the grading system of the students where individual performance is checked with the help of CAI.
3. Synchronous Online Learning
It is one of the late emerged and adopted internet learning methods where online students learn in a group. Students across the world are connected through synchronous online learning. The students take a class in a videoconference or in a meeting and enjoy their studies from anywhere they want. This type of learning has been made possible with newly emerged technologies, where one feels at class in a moment and home at the other. It has reduced the disadvantages of e-learning by the new technological advancements. In this method of learning, a class should contain 50-80 students to operate distraction-free. The teacher is a click-away in the chat box or voice note. There are different methods of voice over where a student clicks the option, giving the aesthetic aspect of a classroom like raising a hand for a question. The teacher clicks the okay option and allows students for interaction. The best examples of this kind of technology and e-learning method are seen widely in these Pandemic-affected times, like a situation where online classes are taken everywhere in the world to meet the annual deadlines.
4. Asynchronous Online Learning
Asynchronous online learning is a type of learning in which groups of students are not connected in the same time frame. This type of learning is without any real-time communication. The learning focuses on the needs of individual students. This type of learning is mainly done when students have no fixed time for learning. Most of the students prefer asynchronous online learning, having no fixed schedule, or any other irritant issues associated.
5. Fixed E-learning
In the fixed e-learning method, the content of the courses taught to individuals is never changed for another student. It is fixed. The exams, syllabus, and the evaluation of its outcomes are all fixed. The syllabus material is set by the teacher at the start of the session and remains the same through the training course, with no changes done to its original content.
6. Linear E-learning
Unlike fixed or other forms of e-learning, linear e-learning has no teacher, and students have real-time integration. In this type of e-learning, the material is sent to the students through radio or television broadcasts. Amidst the pandemic, the national TV broadcast for learning purposes from grades 1 to 12 is an example of Linear E-learning. Linear E-learning helps students to learn in a very simplified manner, but the lack of interactions and missing lectures makes it hard for students to learn effectively. Unlike other forms of e-learning, this type is easier for teachers to teach the course but hard for students.
7. Adaptive E-learning
Adaptive e-learning is the most innovative form of e-learning, where the material of course is adapted and redesigned for each student. Keeping the variety of parameters such as student cognitive ability, performance, goals, abilities, and skills gives a unique consideration for focusing students individually and centered.
8. Interactive Online Learning
It is the best form of distance learning, where two-way communication is taken into consideration. A teacher sends information and receives messages. This kind of e-learning helps in the improvement of the courses and interaction between teacher and students allows the teacher to do changes in the course content according to the need.
9. Individual Online Learning
In this kind of e-learning, the student learns individually without any help from the teacher or mentor to achieve the goal. There is no need for any group, peers, or teacher. A student searches all the information by himself. Without any external help, the student is self-motivated to prepare an assignment or study for an exam.
10. Collaborative Online Learning
The students learn in a group and achieve their goals in the form of teamwork. This kind of e-learning motivates students to learn the skills of teamwork, too. Students communicate with each other and make interpersonal relationships with each other. It helps them develop their communication skills as well.
E-learning is an emerging and innovative form of learning. The aforementioned types of e-learning give an overview, the way it works, and helps learners across the globe. All of these methods are widely used, depending on the requirements of the programs and resources. With each passing day, new technologies are emerging and it will surely bring innovation in e-learning too. We might see other new types of e-learning soon.