With the internet, e-learning is spreading at a rapid pace. Now, internet-based technologies are being adopted. Information technology is capturing the attention of businesses and governments around the world. Companies are installing management information systems to enhance their productivity and improve their processes. In the same way, many universities and educational institutions have introduced internet-based learning programs and courses for people. This internet-based learning is known as e-learning or online learning. It is a revolutionary method of learning, and it is updating the way the world used to educate through the traditional way of learning. However, in distance learning, there are many advantages and disadvantages. We have already discussed the advantages of e-learning in one previous post. Here, we will discuss the disadvantages of e-learning.
For Further Reading: 12 FACTORS THAT MAKE ONLINE LEARNING MORE EFFECTIVE
Disadvantages of e-Learning:
Online learning was introduced to provide a platform for individuals who want to get internet-based education. But online learning has many disadvantages, and students should be aware of it. Here are some drawbacks of online learning:
1. Lack of Immediate Feedback
Educationists are of the view that feedback in a learning process is vital and essential. But feedback in online learning is not up to the mark. One cannot get an immediate response if he or she has an issue, because online learning is a one-way process. In a learning process, the feedback has a positive impact on students, as it makes the learning process easy and smooth. Online students often are dissatisfied, because they experience a lack of personalized feedback. A learning process should be a two-way process, where a teacher teaches a lesson, and students also communicate their issues with the teacher. In return, the teacher provides feedback.
2. Social Isolation
Interaction is mandatory to have a better learning environment. Student’s interaction with their peers or interaction with their teacher is a must throughout the learning process. Online students experience social isolation due to little or no communication with their classmates. Sometimes, it leads to several mental issues like stress, anxiety, and depression. Interaction and communication are crucial to the learning process. Whenever a student faces difficulties in his or her studies, he or she can discuss them with classmates or teachers. But in online learning, a student has to deal with problems alone.
3. Difficult to Manage Time
In the traditional method of learning, the system itself is designed in such a way that manages time easily. But in online learning, time management is poor. Often online students fail to complete online classes. In traditional classrooms, several factors force the learned to be punctual. The system is designed in such a way, and it has to be followed by all the students. This creates a good, manageable environment. In online learning, there is no such mechanism that keeps the student punctual. That’s why online students lack self-motivation and time management skills.
4. Lack of Communication
In online learning, due to the lack of face-to-face communication and group learning, the communication skills of students are not developed. Because the focus is limited to learning only. It doesn’t develop students’ communication skills. Online students fail to pass on knowledge to others because they lack the company of their peers. In the traditional way of learning, students share their knowledge with friends, and ask questions as well, which makes them good communicators. But in distance study, online students cannot convey their ideas and knowledge, and neither can they seek guidance. Online students don’t develop communication skills, which is one of the main disadvantages of studying online.
5. More Work
Online learning is a time-consuming process and puts a lot of burden on students. The assignments, projects, and exams in online learning, takes more time as compared to traditional learning. In a traditional exam, a paper has to be attempted in two to three hours. But in an online exam, a paper has no fixed time limit. Most of the time, papers are very lengthy and require extensive research and data to be attempted. Thus, a student has to do more work in online learning.
6. Prevention of Cheating is Hard
In the traditional way of learning, students are bound by rules and regulations. But it is not the case in online learning. Students take online classes in their homes, on their personal computer. This can lead the students to adopt unfair means when attempting an online exam. They can take help from a third party or can cheat through other means by opening notes, video lectures, etc. resulting in a fraudulent test result. Online learning does not have a mechanism to stop such malpractices, which is one of its drawbacks.
7. Fails to Impart Practical Knowledge
Instructors in online learning focus more on imparting theoretical knowledge. Applied knowledge or practical aspects of learning are neglected, which affects the development of a student’s practical skill. The student will have no idea where and how to apply this learned theoretical knowledge. Online courses fail to effectively teach practical or technical subjects because these subjects require experiments and a classroom environment. Hence, when it comes to practical knowledge, online learning is not a suitable option to be considered.
8. Certain Knowledge Areas Needs One’s Presence
Online learning may be useful in social sciences and humanities-related programs, but it is not recommended for scientific fields like medical science and engineering fields. The reason is that these knowledge areas require the presence of an instructor. An instructor has to perform a medical or engineering experiment for students to learn it and implement it in their practical lives. Without the presence of an instructor, the students will learn only theory, and they won’t be able to perform a better job in their respective fields. Thus, certain knowledge areas cannot be taught online, because they won’t work effectively.
From the above discussion, it can be concluded that online learning has many disadvantages, and practical steps may be taken to overcome it. Although online classes give a platform to students, where they get an education from their homes. It still has a lot of implications for students. The online learning process must be planned according to the requirements and needs of the students. An online system should be introduced, which allows students to communicate with classmates and teachers. In a nutshell, online learning is essential in today’s age, but more work needs to be done, to make the experience of online learning a good one.