Internet, web, email, audio, and videoconferencing, chat group, etc. impart online education. It has its pros and cons, but the magnitude of gains depends on various things, like interest and technological awareness of students. Lack of interest and technological awareness may make the learning process hard. Internet learning helps the learner to seek their own pace according to his convenience. Unfortunately, the majority of the students find it convenient to entertain themselves on the internet rather than learning something productive. According to experts, the main reason behind this alarming behavior is the absence of a proper driving mechanism for online students. They work on their own; there is no proper system that keeps them motivated with their learning on the internet. Let’s dive deep into it and analyze the top ten disadvantages of Online Learning.
Further Reading: TOP 8 DISADVANTAGES OF E-LEARNING
Also Read: 12 BEST TIPS FOR SUCCESS IN ONLINE LEARNING
Disadvantages of Online Learning
Although the purpose of online education is to provide internet-based learning, and making it easy for people to get an education, it still has its own set of limitations, which makes the process of online learning hard for students. Some aspects of online learning, which makes the process hard are discussed below:
1. Conveying Information
The online learning system has a poor communication system; Knowledge is not conveyed efficaciously. Researchers believe that effective communication is established if the message is conveyed properly between the sender and receiver. There are various advantages and disadvantages of online learning, and one of the disadvantages of online learning is that communication is not fluent. Things are not communicated properly, which hinders the learning process. Additionally, the absence of physical presence in the online learning system, makes the flow of information and understanding of a course difficult. The information becomes knotty for online students, while self-engagement in learning cannot be snubbed.
2. Feelings of Isolation
Desultory resulted in the learning process on account of isolation. In online learning, students having no interaction with their peers and with their instructor badly affects students learning process, creating a sense of isolation. Most of the students fail to complete their online assessment because they develop a sense of isolation. They think they are on their own, and will not get any help from other students. As a result, online learning becomes hard.
3. Psychological Impact
Action towards a certain environment is considered vital. Students also respond to the learning environment. Its best example is the traditional way of learning where students respond to certain rules and regulations established for their learning process. While in online learning, students’ response towards learning in the absence of a proper mechanism is not satisfactory. The students sometimes are confused and depressed, because of no proper mechanism in e-learning. This reason psychologically impacts students, and thus, they face barriers in internet learning.
4. Lack of Motivation
The student learning process on the internet can easily be distracted towards other useless things, making him less motivated towards learning. As mentioned earlier, there is no proper system, that keeps student bound and alerts like in the classroom. The student may focus on irrelevant things, which becomes a hurdle in internet learning. An online learner should have a strong self-motivation and it is difficult to stay motivated without any supervision. Online learning, like the traditional way, will not invite you to learn, you have to build your capacity of learning.
5. Joint Family Issues
Some instructors complain about student surroundings. As some students belong to joint families or they have no separate rooms for studying, thus creating disturbance not only for the students but also for the instructor. This issue was observed mostly in COVID19 lockdown time. At that time, due to lockdown working, people stayed at their homes not attending their duties, thus creating more hurdles for the learner at home. Students also complain about their environment in which they cannot concentrate on their online learning process. Instructors believe that students away from homes e.g. on campuses can isolate themselves, and can concentrate on online learning there, but at home, they face many issues because of the unsuitable environment.
6. Resources Deprivation
Various issues like production of course materials, internet issues, cost, hardware, etc. also exist. Researches argue that most educational institutions not anticipating connectivity costs which often cause hurdles in online learning. As we know, technological equipment is expensive, which is why many students cannot afford to buy equipment or gadgets. Especially when a household has many students. Thus, making it hard for lower-middle-class students to get online education.
7. Galusha’s Opine (1991) and Teacher’s Preparedness
Best teachers do their homework properly. In the traditional way of teaching, one can easily observe teacher zeal and preparedness for his teaching, but some researches argue that instructors often time have not that sense of motivation and enthusiasm towards teaching. Galusha says that instructor in online learning does not take their lesson seriously. They do not prepare themselves well. This lack of interest and commitment has a huge impact on the learning environment, thus creating more hurdles for students in the online learning process.
8. Poor Accessibility
Pre-requisites are essential in the online learning process. In the absence of any pre-requisites, online learning is impossible. Learners often have no access to the internet. Some have access but their families have put restrictions on them not to use the internet. On the other hand, some people do not even have access to computers. Some people have computers having no internet connection. This scenario occurs is mostly in remote areas.
It differs from learner to learner. The reasons for the student’s frustration are different. For example, one may face issues regarding login. Sometimes links do not work and sometimes a student has a lack of instructions for a required site. Frustration may also be linked with the administrative process because the instructions might be obscure and unclear and it’s natural that frustration comes when such a situation occurs. The instructor often deals with many learners at a single time in online learning, so when a student struggles with the log-in link or face technical issues, he might miss important notes. Thus student frustration also adds hurdles in his online learning.
10. Increases Stress
Much use of the internet is also associated with increased depression. According to researchers, there have been reports of death even. Other major issues have also been reported like cardiac arrest, on account of lack of rest or continuous learning on the internet, and lack of personal maintenance. There are various advantages and disadvantages of studying online but the major disadvantages of studying online are stress and anxiety during online learning. The process is full of stress, and students may not cope with it.
It is difficult to decide now whether online learning or internet learning is bane or boon. No one can deny its positive side in modern times, but the harm it does to a person or society as we discussed, needs to be pondered and debated upon. By taking proper measures, regarding the hurdles in online learning, it can be made more efficient for students.